Each type of stone is formed diﬀerently and features diﬀerent strength, colour, texture and composition. Understanding the beneﬁts
and features of diﬀerent stones are imperative to choosing the right stone for your project.
This is a high gloss and reflective surface finish that brings out the colours in the stone. The surface is polished with fine abrasives, with the degree of polish determined by the natural stone’s mineral elements and texture – not all natural stones can be polished. Usually recommended for floor, wall and benchtop coverings, polished stones are not usually recommended as external stone flooring due to their tendency to be slippery when wet.
Smooth or Honed Finish
A smooth matte to light sheen surface finish (depending on the stone). Created using different grades of abrasives under factory conditions, honed Marble is commonly used and recommended for internal floors and kitchen benchtops.
The antique finish is achieved by acid etching the surface of the stone to produce a popular finish used often for outdoor areas but able to be used indoors. Other methods which can be used for creating an Antique look include brushing the surface finish of the stone with special polishing pads.
A finish mainly associated with the hardest wearing natural stones (Granite and Basalt), these natural stones are exposed to high temperature flames whilst wet causing the eruption of the grains on the surface. The resultant texture is beautifully slip resistant and contemporary.
The natural stone is honed, followed by the flaming process before being brushed. The resultant finish is a smooth, flamed look without the roughness. This finish allows easy maintenance of benchtops whilst creating a unique surface appearance. Stone tiles in this finish have slip resistance and are less prone to scratches.
Bush Hammered Finish
A natural stone finish achieved by the application of a hydraulic bush hammer to the surface. The appearance of the bush hammered finish is industrial, with a large number of close and small indents.
This has a lightly rough texture which is easily maintained and again less sensitive to scratches. It is the process of sawing or honing and then tumbling the natural stone that gives a worn look with a natural patina from day one.
Natural Split Finish
Normally associated with Sandstones, Basalts and Slates, a natural split finish is the finish which highlights the surface texture of the natural stone.
Diamond Sawn Finish
The natural stone is sawn using a diamond blade. The surface appearance of this stone finish shows typical saw cut markings parallel with each other in the direction taken by the saw.
The natural stone is first sawn or honed, then sandblasted resulting in an appearance that is slightly rough in texture which creates a slip resistant surface suitable for outdoors.
This new innovative system applies extreme water pressure, which removes particles deep in the stone giving the slabs a very rough and unique appearance without changing the colour of the stone.
Features in Natural Stones
Veins – Natural movements in the formation of the stone
Pits – Small holes (Common in white Marbles)
Blotches – Noticeable irregular markings
Glossy and duller areas – Variety of harder and softer minerals in the stone
Scaling – Vein movements that can be quite deep into the surface (Common in Pietra Grey)